It is crucial to know the basic kinds of tyres available. Forklift tyres are available in various sizes and types: forklifts made for indoor working on smooth floors require a different tyre than those for outdoor working on more rugged surfaces; some tyres are capable of working with heavy loads, while others are not, so it is important to calculate the anticipated maximum load that each wheel will be expected to carry.
The vast majority of forklift tyres are either pneumatic, solid rubber or polyurethane. However, there are other kinds used on industrial handling and moving equipment.
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Pneumatic tyres are not filled with air like car or truck tyres. Because of the heavy-duty workloads, they are filled with liquid polyurethane, which increases the life of the forklift due to the added protection.
Solid rubber tyres look similar to pneumatic, but are made of solid rubber with no air or liquids inside. These offer many of the advantages of pneumatic tyres, but have distinct disadvantages, mainly associated with outdoor use, workload and longevity.
Polyurethane tyres are best suited for lightweight applications and are usually found on low-end electric forklifts that are exclusively used indoors
Purchase a tyre that is designed and built for an expected length of service. Good tyres are durable and hardworking, while cheaper ones degrade quickly. New tyres are more expensive, but are long-lasting and carry no risks.